You may be surprised, but caries is an infectious disease. If you have decay in your mouth, more are likely to develop if not treated in time. Caries is caused by the acids certain types of bacteria in the plaque produce.
where it comes from
Most people visit us with already developed decays- they have made a cavity in their tooth structures. The cavity can be in the enamel, dentin, the root of the tooth or it may already have reached the live part of the tooth.
what is the solution
The crown of a tooth has three layers- the upper part is called enamel, then there is the dentin and underneath the dentin is the alive tooth part- the pulp, which continues in the roots of the teeth.
The caries can be different types. When it starts, it is usually a thin demineralized layer. By that level of development, it can be reverse- by certain agents, containing fluoride and other minerals, which can be even your toothpaste and also changes in your diet and oral hygiene.
The decays may develop with little to no pain. Usually, when the caries passes from the enamel to the dentin symptoms can be: pain or sensitivity in the tooth from cold, warm, sweet drinks, food and bad breath. When they reach the live part of the tooth the pain becomes stronger and unbearable- especially during the night. Therefore, it is important to visit the dentist so that he can discover decays in their earlier stages when the treatment is simpler and of course, cheaper.
In our clinic, we use high quality materials to return your teeth to the natural anatomy they had when we clean the decayed tissues. Every caries is made with Rubber dam isolation. This is a rubber sheet which is put on some of the teeth in your mouth, the others are underneath it. It is really helpful, because fillings materials should be used in dry environment. So the Rubber dam protects the tooth or teeth we make from saliva and other liquids. We also take photos before and after, so the patient can see how natural his anatomy was recreated.