Recession is a common periodontal problem. The tooth has two main parts – a crown and a root (or several roots). They are separated by the enamel-cement boundary.
where it comes from
Usually, your gingiva is supposed to cover the root and a small part of the crown of your tooth- 1-2 mm. But then, due to some factors, in some cases the gingiva is going down and a part of the root remains visible. Apart from being unpleasant to the eye, the uncovered root tends to be more sensitive. You may feel pain when drinking hot or cold drinks, or cleaning with a toothbrush.
what is the solution
The reasons for the gum recession can be various- for example, if you brush your teeth too hard, if you have periodontal disease, if you have had orthodontic treatment, if you grind your teeth through the night, etc.
The procedure depends on how much of the gingiva is lost. The procedure is called gum grafting. The gum grafting can be: free gingival graft, connective tissue graft or pedicle (lateral) graft. The connective tissue graft and the free gingival graft are usually taken from the palate and then stitched to the area in need of gum tissue. The difference is in the tissue taken. Pedicle graft is when a small flap is open from an area next to the recession and then it is covered by that flap. After the procedure, you will be able to go home right away. The recovery period usually really mild and the procedure improves the function and esthetics.